Why ‘Do’ People Swing Their Arms?
In a fight, is it really by choice?
(Imagineer courtesy of Derek Owens, via ‘Unsplash’)
If you’ve ever seen a street fight, either in person or on your computer screen, you may have noticed the swinging of arms when punching each other?
Now there is every chance that these people have had zero training in any martial arts or in fact any self defense whatsoever, but there is another reason for this too.
This is what happens when faced with danger, your brain responds by telling the adrenal glands (located at the top of the kidneys) to release adrenaline as a steroid to inflate the necessary muscles in order to be able to ‘Fight or Flight’.
The adrenal glands are absolutely vital to your wellbeing.
We each have two of them, and they play a hugely important role in producing the hormones that we need, particularly during times of stress.
Therefore the biceps and quadriceps become swollen, as blood quickly moves to these areas by the increased heart rate (your body’s internal pump of course).
This next piece is taken from Adrenalin Fatigue Solution, please pay particular attention to the part on the Medulla:
A simple way to understand the structure of the adrenal glands is to compare them to a fruit like an avocado.
There are three distinct layers that you need to know, and here is a brief description of each one. Further down the page I will also go into detail on the functions that each layer performs.
- The Capsule
The adipose capsule is a protective layer of fat that surrounds each adrenal gland. Think of this as being like the skin of the avocado. Although not strictly a part of the adrenal glands themselves, the primary function of this layer is to enclose and protect each of the adrenals.
- The Cortex
You might compare this layer to the flesh of an avocado. It comprises around 80% of the volume of the adrenal gland and it fully surrounds the medulla, which lies in the center. The cortex actually contains 3 separate zones, which are named (starting from the outside) the zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciculata and the zona reticularis. Each of these zones has slightly different functions but they all exist within the cortex.
- The Medulla
The last and innermost part of the adrenal gland is the medulla. This sits in the middle, surrounded by the cortex, and comprises only 20% of the volume of the adrenal gland. Unlike the cortex, the medulla has no separate zones with different functions.
What Does The Cortex Do?
The cortex and the medulla have very separate roles within the adrenal glands, although there is some interaction between them.
There are three roles that the cortex typically performs.
- Production of DHEA and other sex hormones
This occurs in the innermost layer of the cortex, the zona reticularis. Hormones like DHEA, DHEA-S and androstenedione are produced and secreted as needed. In men, these hormones can be converted into testosterone within the testes (although in practice, the testes can produce testosterone directly from cholesterol without the adrenal glands). In women, the adrenal glands are the primary source of these androgens (‘male’ sex hormones), and so they play a much more important role.
- Production of corticosteroids
The middle section of the cortex (the zona fasciculate) controls our cortisosteroid levels. Cortisol and its related compounds are vitally important hormones that we literally cannot live without. They control our sleep/waking cycle, they suppress inflammation, they help us generate energy from non-carbohydrate foods and they even regulate our blood pressure.
- Production of mineralocorticoids
The last role of the cortex is to produce mineralocorticoids like aldosterone, which regulates our fluid and mineral excretion. These are secreted by the outermost layer of the cortex, the zona glomerulosa.
What Does The Medulla Do?
The medulla might only form 20% of the adrenal gland, but it is just as important as the larger cortex. Whereas the cortex is more concerned about regulating different levels in our bodies and keeping our bodies functioning efficiently, the medulla is all about managing our response to stress.
The medulla secretes three different catecholamines, including epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine, and dopamine.
Also known as neurotransmitters, these stress hormones generate the primitive stress response that helps to keep us alive in moments of trauma or danger.
When under stress, our brains send a signal to the adrenal glands which react instantly by releasing these stress hormones.
Among other things, they slow down our digestion, increase our awareness and divert blood flow to important areas like our brain and muscles.
My thanks to AFS for allowing us to use that piece.
At the start of this blog I mentioned the heart rate, this will help to better understand the swinging arms.
Now a basic resting heart rate may be around 86bpm (beats per minute), which would give you perfect dexterity in your fingers.
In this state there would be no problem for you to write a letter, sign your name or even thread a needle.
In a fight situation however your heart rate can shoot up to 150bpm as blood is pumped to where it is expected to be needed, and away from where it is not (your fingers).
Asking you to hand write that letter now may become somewhat awkward and the same to be said for your signature, oh and as for the needle, forget it.
If someone should smash a glass or pull a weapon, your heart rate could then get as high as 220bpm!
All dexterity now has gone, and all attention moved on to the bigger muscle groups.
Wildly swinging arms
This is a prime reason why we play our first form Siu Lim Tau, to teach us to relax, to focus and to be direct.
Having the ability to control this even just a little, it will give you the greater advantage in this situation, especially when this relaxation and focus is partnered with straight line attacks.